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ImageHuman trafficking, female foeticide greatest challenges for women in India

India was ranked fourth primarily due to female foeticide, infanticide and human trafficking, the report noted.

In 2009, former home secretary Madhukar Gupta estimated that 100 million people, mostly women and girls, were involved in trafficking in India that year, the report quoted.

"The practice is common but lucrative so it goes untouched by government and police," said Cristi Hegranes, founder of the Global Press institute, which trains women in developing countries to be journalists.

The Central Bureau of Investigation estimated that in 2009 about 90 percent of trafficking took place within the country and that there were some 3 million prostitutes, of which about 40 percent were children.

In addition to sex slavery, other forms of trafficking include forced labour and forced marriage, according to a US State Department report on trafficking in 2010. The report also found slow progress in criminal prosecutions of traffickers.


Image: India was ranked fourth primarily due to female foeticide, infanticide and human trafficking, the report noted
Photographs: Amit Dave/Reuters
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